Monitoring Design: Spatial Scale
While restorations are typically designed, implemented and managed individually, at the local project or site level, estuary-wide responses to restoration actions can also be measured. As such, project objectives can be designed to examine two scales of interest.
Site-scale: This scale includes the restoration site and reference marsh, and is intended to examine the development of habitat and functions on the footprint of the project. A similar-sized reference marsh will allow the development of the restored marsh to be compared with a marsh that has never been diked. Site-scale may also include multiple restoration sites within a single estuary or bay.
Estuary-scale/Landscape-scale: This scale describes the overall influence of the restoration action on the entire estuary ecosystem landscape. For example, we may find project effects on estuary-scale processes such as the distribution of freshwater and sediment.
Woo, I., R.Fuller, M. Iglecia, K. Turner, J. Takekawa. 2011. The Nature Conservancy: Port Susan Bay Estuary Restoration Monitoring Plan. Unpublished report to The Nature Conservancy. US Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, 505 Azuar Drive Vallejo CA 94592. 115 pp.